This Thursday, October 28, the Doodle of the day on Google is Jigorō Kanō, an opportunity for us to come back to the inventor of judo born in 1860 in Japan.

The Japanese “father of judo,” Professor Jigorō Kanō, is said to have celebrated his 161st birthday today. Jigorō Kanō saw in this martial art a way to bring people together, even sending his opponents to the mat.

Born in Mikage, Jigorō Kanō moved to Tokyo with his father at the age of 11. To strengthen himself, he resolved to study the martial art of Jujutsu.

Judo originated during a Jujutsu fight, when Jigorō Kanō incorporated a Western wrestling movement to bring his much taller opponent to the mat. By removing the most dangerous techniques used in Jujutsu, he created “Judo”, a safe and cooperative sport based on the personal philosophy of Kano, namely Seiryoku-Zenyo (efficient use of energy) and Jita-Kyoei (mutual prosperity of self and others).

The name Judo means “the way of meekness” and the sport is founded on principles such as justice, courtesy, security and modesty.

In 1882, Jigorō Kanō opened his own dojo (a martial arts hall), the Kodokan Judo Institute in Tokyo, where he developed judo for years. It also welcomed women to the sport in 1893. It became the first Asian member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1909, and in 1960 the IOC approved judo as an official Olympic sport.