On April 24, 2021, the Asean leaders met and reached a five-point consensus on the situation in Myanmar. The result was the result of three hours and ten minutes of deliberation by the Asean leaders and their foreign ministers. Although three leaders – from the Philippines, Thailand and Laos – were missing at the meeting, they were represented by their foreign ministers. In the case of Thailand, the Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, Don Pramudwinai, was appointed special envoy by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha.
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It is important to understand the context of these principles, which serve as the roadmap for the bloc’s engagement with stakeholders in Myanmar over the coming months, if not years. The first point calls for an immediate end to the violence. This is priority # 1 of Asean’s request to Gen Min Aung Hlaing that all murders of protesters cease. This includes the requirement that all parties exercise restraint. According to the Assistant Association of Political Prisoners, 750-780 people had been killed in the past week. Naypyidaw insists the casualty count was much lower, at 274, and blames unnamed armed groups.
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The second consensus has to do with a constructive dialogue between all concerned parties in Myanmar. In order to ensure that the future of Myanmar is the product of the people of Myanmar, Asean has called for the dialogue and a reconciliation process to be kick-started. Therefore, the prisoners must be released to be part of the dialogue. Most of the former cabinet ministers, including Aung San Suu Kyi and Vice President Win Myint, are currently under house arrest. In recent months, however, the military regime has released several thousand inmates and numerous activists.
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The third consensus is the role of a special envoy for the Asean chairman, with the assistance of the Asean general secretary, to facilitate the mediation of the dialogue process. This person has full mandate to seek access to all political prisoners and to decide on policies and matters related to the bloc’s activities. For now, Asean is selecting the person who can do the task. Some names are under review, including former Foreign Minister Hassan Wirayuda, former Commander in Chief of the UN peacekeeping forces in East Timor, General Boonsrang Niumpradit and former Prime Minister of Singapore Go Chok Tong.
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Equally important is the fourth consensus, which addresses the role of the Asean Humanitarian Aid Coordination Center in Disaster Management, known for short as the AHA Center. It will be the humanitarian aid provider. The center has actively supported Myanmar in repatriating Rohingya refugees. Since the February 1 coup, Asean Naypyidaw has made it clear that the bloc is ready to provide any assistance it may need in the future. Asean also wants to send its assessment team to Myanmar as soon as possible so that they can work out a plan for the delivery of humanitarian aid.

Finally, the Asean Special Representative must be able to travel to Myanmar to meet everyone involved . The special envoy will address all personalities and stakeholders to ensure a sustainable solution.

The consensus has no timeframe for achieving these goals. However, it is clear that the military regime has at least five months to implement them before the United Nations General Assembly takes place in mid-September. At this point the UN Accreditation Committee will discuss Myanmar’s legal credentials. At the moment, the UN continues to recognize the deposed UN envoy Kyaw Moe Tun of the National League of Democracy. (Kavi Chongkittavorn – NNT)

Ref: https://www.pattayamail.com