The jurors of assizes will be drawn by lot by the town hall of Toulouse, this Tuesday, May 25 at 2 p.m. Who can be designated? What is the selection procedure? Is it possible to refuse to be a juror? Here are the answers to your questions.
It might be you. This Tuesday, May 25 at 2 p.m., the Toulouse town hall will draw lots for the jury for the year 2022. If you are of French nationality, at least 23 years old, can read and write in French and you are not in a case of incapacity or incompatibility with the functions of juror, so you could become one next year.
The role of juror is effectively incompatible with the exercise of these functions: member of the government, parliamentarian, magistrate and agent of the police services, the prison administration or the gendarmerie. People close to the accused or his lawyer or one of the magistrates forming the Assize Court (spouse, PACS partner, cohabiting partner, parents, children, etc.), but also people who took part in the trial. legal proceedings (complainant, interpreter, witness, etc.) also cannot be jurors in the case.
As a reminder, jurors, alongside professional magistrates, take part in the trial of people accused of a crime. They exercise the function of judge continuously and on a full-time basis. They can receive compensation for their loss of income.
In the pink city, the draw is managed by computer. There is one assize court per department. Each of the communes of the department must propose a certain number of names drawn by lot on the electoral list of the commune. Each mayor first establishes a preparatory list by drawing lots three times the number of names set for his municipality. Then, the elected representative removes the names of the people who will not be 23 years old during the calendar year following the year of the draw.
Then, he informs by mail the voters present on this preparatory list that they have been drawn by lot to be jurors. A special commission placed with each Assize Court meets every year to refine the lists of jurors received from the municipalities. Once sworn in, you follow a short training course during which the president of the Assize Court and the Advocate General provide explanations on the jurisdiction. It is not possible to refuse to be a juror in an Assize Court. The absence of a juror on the day of the hearing, without a legitimate reason, is punishable by a fine of 3,750 euros.
But if you are over 70 years old, no longer live within the jurisdiction of the Assize Court, and can justify a serious reason (serious illness, deafness, etc.), it is possible to request an exemption. . In addition, you will not be systematically appointed to be a juror during a trial.
For each session of assizes, the presidents of the judicial tribunals and of the Court of Appeal, or their delegates, draw lots in public, from the annual list of jurors: 35 people to form the list of session and 10 jurors alternates for the special list. A sitting session allows several cases to be judged.
Before each case, each juror on the session list is called to a public hearing and a card bearing his name is placed in a ballot box. A final draw is made. The accused (or his lawyer), then the Advocate General, then have the possibility of refusing the juror whose name is drawn. The first six jurors not refused form the judging jury.