He is one of the symbols of the ever greater danger hanging over living things. The Komodo dragon, the largest lizard in the world, was already classified as “vulnerable”. It is now “endangered”, the penultimate stage before extinction, according to the new “red list” of threatened species released this weekend by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). An animal whose fate illustrates the vice in which many species are caught on the planet, between global warming and the impact of human activities.

There are a few thousand Komodo dragons living on the Indonesian islands, part of which is covered by a national park. The living conditions of these giants, which measure up to three meters in length and weigh 90 kilograms, are thus threatened by global warming. As the waters rise, 30% of their habitat is expected to disappear over the next 45 years, according to IUCN. While the dragons in the national park are “well protected”, those outside “are at risk of significant habitat loss due to human activities.”

Like the Komodo dragon, out of 138,374 species studied, 38,543 (28%) were classified as “threatened” by the IUCN. In fact, one in eight birds, one in two amphibians and one in four mammals are affected. Some marine species are also affected because of overfishing. Thus, 37% of rays and sharks are threatened, 13% more than in 2014.

In France, some species have been saved, such as the Alpine ibex, one of the greatest successes. Almost disappeared in the 1960s, there are over 9,000 today. But succeeding in protecting a species has its limits. “We mobilize a lot of people, a lot of money to protect a single species, but the main thing is to protect habitats and fight against the causes of disappearance, against agricultural practices that consume too much space, against artificialization of soils and obviously against pollution “, supports Loïc Obles of the French biodiversity observatory, in the subject of TF1’s 20H at the top of this article.

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LIVE – A national tribute will be paid to Jean-Paul Belmondo on Thursday, January 9 at the Invalides

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Ref: https://www.lci.fr