By their involvement, directly or indirectly, they are accused of having killed 130 people. Of injuring more than 350 others and scarring tens of millions. However, they were barely 30. From September 8 and until the end of May 2022, twenty men will appear before the special assize court in Paris for their role in the attacks of November 13, 2015. The trajectory of the nine attackers deaths during or shortly after the attacks, as of their twenty accomplices, is intrinsically linked to the history of the Islamic State. In its heyday, even.

ISIS as it exists in November 2015 took root in Iraq in 2006. Little by little, the organization phagocyte local branches of Al-Qaida, grew, imposed itself. So much so that when the revolution in Syria comes, in 2011, its roots are well anchored. At the head of the Islamic State in Iraq (ISI), already: Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi. The Islamist terrorist group announces that it has linked up with the Al-Nusra Front, formed by former al-Qaida henchmen in Syria, which is fighting Bashar Al-Assad’s regime. The ISIS became ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) in April 2013. The internal struggle between the followers of what the world comes to call Daesh and Al-Qaida continues with the Syrian war and the internationalized conflict against terrorism in the background. On June 29, 2014, when ISIS had already conquered Raqqa (Syria), Fallujah, Ramadi and Mosul (Iraq) a few days earlier, its spokesperson proclaimed