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After having published the national roadmap for the development of natural gas 2021-2050, the Minister of Energy, Mines and the Environment unveils his Biomass Energy Valorization (VEB) plan. A plan that targets the sustainable use of biomass as a source of renewable energy that will help achieve the triple positive impact on social, environmental and economic levels.
The Ministry of Energy, Mines and the Environment has just unveiled the roadmap for Biomass Energy Valorization (VEB). This roadmap, drawn up in consultation with all stakeholders, aims for the sustainable use of biomass as a renewable energy source, respectful of the climate, in order to achieve the triple positive impact on the social, environmental and economic, all along the value chain, from collection to the final valuation of the biomass resource.
Based on scenarios for the evolution of the energy use of biomass on a large scale, the document presents the potential for the sectors of agriculture, forestry, waste and wastewater and proposes an action plan for optimize its energy recovery by 2030. Indeed, the technical energy potential amounts to approximately 13.4 million MWh per year (primary energy), of which 6.6 million MWh per year come from the agricultural sector, 3, 5 million MWh from the forestry sector, 3.1 million MWh per year from the waste sector and 0.2 million MWh per year from the wastewater sector.
In order to assess the future development of biomass potential and its energy recovery by 2030, three scenarios have been developed, taking into account different primary energy potentials from biomass. Biomass thus presents, according to these scenarios, a primary energy potential that varies between 17 TWh / year and 25 TWh / year by 2030. Biomass energy recovery projects do not require significant investments for the development of grid due to their generally small or medium size and require connection to the medium or low voltage grid.
The budget necessary for the deployment of measures for the implementation of the roadmap, of a regulatory, institutional, normative order, training and development of pilot and demonstration projects, is estimated at a total envelope of 4.3 billion dirhams. , to be mobilized by the State budget or by partners or within the framework of international cooperation through existing funding mechanisms.
In terms of employment, energy recovery from biomass has significant direct and indirect job creation potential. The potential jobs through the recovery of biomass for the scenarios considered in 2030 vary as follows: between 2,700 and 4,100 man-years for construction, manufacture and installation; between 3,800 and 6,000 jobs for operation and maintenance; between 7,300 and 11,000 jobs for the supply of biomass.
Regarding the impact on the environment, the CO2 emissions avoided in the event of upgrading of combustible and fermentable biomass by 2030 are estimated between 2.2 and 5.5 million tonnes, depending on the scenario and the specific technology of energy production to be adopted. Although the biomass sector is very promising, the development of the significant potential available to Morocco requires the establishment of an appropriate framework to generate real added value at the national and regional levels.
The measures to be undertaken revolve around three pillars, eight axes and more than fifty measures. This variation provides, in the short term, for the implementation of a set of pilot projects accompanied by a series of measures at the institutional and organizational level. The various biomass energy recovery projects could explore and take advantage of all the funding opportunities available both nationally and internationally through funds mobilized for this purpose.
Related title :
– Biomass: the ministry of l& # 39; Energie unveils the national roadmap
– The Department of l& # 39; Energy and Mines publishes its roadmap “Energy Valorization of Biomass”
– A roadmap for energy recovery from biomass