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Iranian nuclear talks will continue in Vienna after the crucial day of Monday, November 29. The countries involved in this file met for the first time in five months. It was also the first session since the coming to power of an ultraconservative president in Tehran: Ebrahim Raïssi.
After a five-month hiatus, Iranian nuclear negotiations resumed on Monday. The first meeting of this new “round” of discussions lasted a little over two hours.
“I am neither an optimist nor a pessimist; I am positive ”, launched the European diplomat Enrique Mora, at the end of this meeting in Vienna, where our special envoy Nicolas Falez is.
According to Mora, Iran has agreed to pick up where it left off last June. The new Iranian presidency therefore accepts the achievements of the team that preceded it, under the Rouhani presidency.
Despite “difficult circumstances”, the diplomat welcomes “Tehran’s clear desire to provide serious work”. He notes “a sense of urgency to revive” the 2015 agreement, but nevertheless refuses to consider a deadline, as the questions are “complex”.
►Read again: Resumption of negotiations for a relaunch of the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement
Negotiations will continue in Vienna, from this Tuesday. Now it’s time for expert groups to work. They will resume their discussions on the two main aspects of this crisis: sanctions, and uranium enrichment activities.
Reinstated by the United States under the Trump administration, the sanctions are strangling the Iranian economy. Tehran’s representatives insist that they must be lifted.
Second, inseparable part: the return of Iran as part of the 2015 nuclear agreement, which guaranteed a civilian program. Iran is currently producing enriched uranium to a level dangerously close to military use, according to the IAEA.
At the same time, Tehran is restricting control of its facilities by the International Atomic Energy Agency, which is supposed to monitor its atomic activities.
These subjects are discussed by the Iranian, Chinese, Russian, French, British and German delegations. The United States having left the agreement, they are not directly present around the table.
Without being very far for all that: the American envoy for Iran is in Vienna, where the possible return of Washington is also played out in the historic agreement of 2015.