“A decision that saved thousands of innocent lives.” In an interview with Le Point published Thursday, Nicolas Sarkozy defended the international intervention in Libya in which France largely participated during his five-year term, and which resulted in the fall of the regime of Muammar Gaddafi. However, this decision has often been denounced as being at the origin of the chaos which subsequently settled in the country, favoring the rise of radical Islamism and terrorism in the region. Emmanuel Macron, in particular, has spoken on several occasions of an “error”. Invited Thursday morning of Europe 1, the philosopher Bernard-Henri Lévy, active support of this operation in 2011, wanted to defend the principle of interventionism, in the name of “higher democratic values”.
“When my inner voice tells me that a situation is unbearable and that it is insulting to humanity, I was rarely wrong. It is in these cases that I mobilize”, explains Bernard-Henri Lévy. “We cannot be a democrat and, when we see peoples condemned to obscurity, to tyranny, not to extend a hand to them,” he annoys.
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Above all, it defends itself against any imperialism, ensuring that it is first and foremost a question of sustaining and defending a community of allies, united beyond economic and political interests around universal principles. “The question is not to go and impose democracy like Coca-Cola,” he laughs. “There is no superior democratic model, on the other hand there are democratic values superior to others,” he maintains. “The value of not torturing a body, the value of equality between women and men, the value of saying that Afghanistan is more beautiful and bigger when women can move around freely, without a burqa”, enumerates the essayist.
“The heart of the matter is to show those who share our values that we are by their side, that there is a chain of solidarity of which we have not let go,” adds Bernard- Henri Lévy.
Regarding the stagnation of the Libyan conflict, the length of interventions in Afghanistan or more recently in Mali, Bernard-Henri Lévy denounces a truncated vision of armed conflicts in the 21st century. “We are used to the idea that wars are won by the minute, but they are long especially when they are careful and economical in human lives,” said the philosopher.