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May 31, 2021

Iceland’s glaciers have lost around 750 square kilometers or seven percent of their surface area since the turn of the millennium due to global warming, according to a study published on Monday.

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According to a study by the Icelandic journal Jokull, the glaciers, which cover more than 10 percent of the country’s land mass, shrank to 10,400 square kilometers in 2019.

Since 1890, the glacier-covered land has grown by almost 2,200 Square kilometers or 18 percent reduced.

However, according to the latest calculations by glaciologists, geologists and geophysicists, almost a third of this decrease has been recorded since 2000.

The retreat of the ice over the last two decades corresponds to almost the total area of ​​Hofsjokull , Iceland’s third largest ice cap at 810 square kilometers.

“Glacier area fluctuations in Iceland since about 1890 have shown a clear response to climatic fluctuations,” the study authors wrote.

“They were fairly synchronous across the country, although waves and subglacial volcanic activity affects the position of some glacier edges, “they added.

In 2014, glaciologists stripped Okjokull glacier of its S. tatus as a glacier, a first for Iceland after they discovered that it was made of dead ice and no longer moved like glaciers.

Almost all 220,000 glaciers in the world are losing mass at an ever increasing rate and, according to one im A study published in Nature on April 4, reports on more than a fifth of the world’s sea level rise this century.

Analyzing the images captured by NASA’s Terra satellite, they found that the world’s glaciers averaged 267 between 2000 and 2019 Billions of tons of ice were lost each year.

The team also found that the rate of glacier melt had accelerated significantly over the same period.

Between 2000 and 2004, the glaciers lost 227 billion tons of ice a year. However, between 2015 and 2019 they lost an average of 298 billion tons per year.

The results will be included in an upcoming assessment report of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change due in 2022.

© 2021 AFP

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