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The German Social Democrats, the Greens and the Liberals concluded a government agreement on Wednesday 24 November to form a coalition which will come to power. This opens a new era after 16 years with Angela Merkel at the helm of the country.
Almost two months after the general elections marked by a historic debacle for the conservative camp of the chancellor, the social democrat Olaf Scholz will enter the chancellery, in an unprecedented alliance with the Greens and the liberal party of the FDP.
The ecologists, members of this new coalition, will inherit five ministries including that of Foreign Affairs and a “super-ministry” bringing together the economy and climate protection. The names of future ministers are not specified in the coalition contract unveiled on Wednesday. But according to the German press, the co-president of the Greens, Annalena Baerbock, should become the first woman to lead the country’s diplomacy and the other leader of the environmental party, Robert Habeck, should be appointed head of the “super-ministry”, with in addition the title of vice-chancellor of the future government of Olaf Scholz.
The latter affirms that Germany wants to place the defense of a “sovereign Europe” at the heart of its foreign policy. A “sovereign Europe is the key and it is a duty for our foreign policy”, declared the Social Democrat who wants “to make this sovereign Europe possible, to promote it and to make it progress”.
The new coalition which will take control of Germany has announced that it wants to accelerate the exit from coal and bring it forward to 2030 “ideally”, instead of 2038, according to the agreement reached between the three parties.
“The ideal would be to achieve this from 2030, expose in their contract social democrats, ecologists and liberals.” This requires the massive development of renewable energies [and involves] the construction of modern gas-fired power stations in order to meet the growing needs for electricity and energy over the next few years at competitive prices. “
The German Liberal Party, a party close to entrepreneurs, will inherit the key finance ministry in the new tripartite government of Europe’s largest economy. The document does not give a name, but FDP chairman Christian Lindner, a champion of budgetary austerity, is considered a favorite to take on the post of chief financial officer, which Greens president Robert Habeck also coveted.
breakdown of ministries (recap): SPD: Chancellor Olaf SCholz, Interior (Christine Lambrecht?), Defense, construction & housing, Social affairs (Hubertus Heil), Health, cooperation Green: Aff. foreigners (Baerbock), Economy & Climate (Habeck), Family, Agriculture
The new government coalition also intends to return “in 2023” to the rules of budgetary rigor, including the constitutional debt brake, according to the agreement between the parties presented on Wednesday.
After a year 2022 still marked by the pandemic, “from 2023 we will limit debt to what the constitutional brake allows”, according to the coalition contract negotiated for several weeks between SPD, FDP and the Greens. However, the text provides for “unprecedented” budgetary resources to meet climate objectives.
The coalition that will take control of Germany has also announced that it wants to legalize cannabis. “We are introducing the controlled distribution of cannabis to adults for consumption in authorized stores,” announced the government contract presented on Wednesday.
The new coalition between Social Democrats, Greens and Liberals also wants to develop drug-checking operations, intended to verify that drugs are not cut with other substances. Germany had already given the green light in 2017 to cannabis for therapeutic use.