During the previous school year, schools and schools were able to welcome students for face-to-face instruction almost the entire year. This was made possible by the implementation of a strict health protocol adopted in conjunction with the health authorities and on the basis in particular of the opinions issued by the Scientific Council and the High Council for Public Health (HCSP).
For the 2021-2022 school year, the Ministry of National Education, Youth and Sports intends to maintain a strategy favoring teaching in the presence, for the success and well-being of students, while limiting traffic of the virus in schools and schools.
In order to implement proportionate measures, the Ministry of National Education, Youth and Sports has established for the next school year, in conjunction with the health authorities, a graduation with four levels:
A regular analysis of the situation is carried out by the Ministry of National Education, Youth and Sports, on the basis in particular of indicators provided by Public Health France for different territorial scales. Depending on the epidemic situation, the transition from one level to another may be triggered at the national or territorial level (department, academy, region) in order to guarantee responsiveness as well as the proportionality of the measures.
The level applicable at the start of the school year will depend on the epidemic situation on that date and will be indicated prior to the resumption of lessons.
Parents of students play an essential role. They undertake not to send their children to school, college or high school in the event of a fever (38 ° C or more) or in the event of the appearance of symptoms evoking COVID-19 in the student or in his family. Likewise, students who have tested positive for SARS-Cov2, or whose household member has tested positive, or who have been identified as a risk contact should not go to the school or educational establishment (with exceptions provided for by health authorities for risky contacts). They inform the director or the head of the establishment.
Access by attendants to school buildings must be limited to what is strictly necessary and be done after cleaning and disinfection of the hands. Wearing a mask is required under the same conditions as those applicable to personnel (see chapter dedicated to barrier gestures).
Face-to-face education is privileged for all students and throughout school time according to the following methods:
Maintaining the practice of physical and sports activities is an important objective for the next school year. They take place as follows:
The rule of closing the class for a period of 7 days from the first positive case will continue to apply in schools.
In middle and high schools, a reinforced contact-tracing protocol will be implemented to identify students who have had contact at risk with a positive case. High-risk contact students who do not justify a complete vaccination will continue their distance learning for 7 days. Contact pupils at risk justifying a complete vaccination will continue the face-to-face lessons.
The barrier gestures recalled below must be applied permanently, everywhere, and by everyone. These are particularly effective preventive measures against the spread of the virus.
Hand washing is essential. It involves washing all parts of the hands with soap and water for 30 seconds. Drying should be thorough if possible using a disposable paper towel. Towels for collective use are prohibited. Otherwise, the use of a hydroalcoholic solution can be considered. It is done under close adult supervision in elementary school. Hand washing must be carried out, at a minimum:
Hand washing in the sinks can be done without measuring physical distance between students in the same class or group.
Frequent ventilation of the premises is one of the main collective measures to reduce the risk of transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Classrooms and all other premises occupied during the day are ventilated at least 15 minutes in the morning before the arrival of students, during each recess, during intercourse, at lunchtime and during cleaning of the premises. A ventilation of at least 5 minutes should also take place every hour. When air renewal is provided by ventilation, its proper functioning should be checked and regular maintenance should be carried out.
Measuring the CO2 concentration using sensors makes it easy to assess the level of air change. It is recommended that schools and educational establishments be equipped with mobile sensors in order to determine the ventilation frequency required for each room or to check the proper functioning of mechanical ventilation in buildings where opening the doors is inadvisable or even impossible.
When required, the mask must provide filtration greater than 90% (“general public” mask formerly falling under category 1 or surgical mask, for example).
When the mask is not in use, it can be either hung from an insulated hook or folded up without outside / inside contacts (do not roll it up) and stored in an individual pouch.
The Ministry of National Education, Youth and Sports therefore makes so-called “general public” masks available to its agents in direct contact with students in establishments, at the rate of two masks for each day of presence in the school. schools or establishments.
It is up to each employer, and in particular to local authorities, to provide masks for their staff in direct contact with students as well as maintenance and catering staff.
For nursery school students, wearing a mask is prohibited, regardless of the level of measures applicable. For other students, the procedures are as follows:
It is up to parents to provide masks for their children. The ministry equips every school, college and high school with “general public” masks so that they can be provided to students who do not have them.
For students with pathologies that make them vulnerable to the risk of developing a severe form of COVID-19 infection, the referring physician determines the conditions for their continued presence in the school or school.
From the “green” level, the day and school activities are organized in such a way as to limit, as far as possible, significant regroupings and crossings between groups (in particular at the time of the arrival and departure of pupils).
In nursery school, there is no need to distance students from the same group (class, group of classes or levels), whether in confined spaces (classroom, corridors, etc.) or in outdoor spaces.
In elementary schools, colleges, and high schools, the principle is physical distancing of at least one meter when physically possible, in closed spaces (including the classroom), between the teacher and the students as well as between students when they are side by side or face to face. It does not apply in outdoor spaces between students in the same class or in the same group. All spaces can be mobilized (CDI, computer rooms, gymnasiums, etc.). If the configuration of the classrooms (surface, furniture, etc.) absolutely does not allow the physical distance of at least one meter to be respected, then the space is organized in such a way as to maintain the greatest possible distance between the students.
From the yellow level, physical distance must be maintained between students of different groups (classes, groups of classes or levels).
People usually accommodated can still be accommodated in boarding schools. In middle school, the distance between the beds should be at least one meter. In high school, rooms are allocated individually or, failing that, between students of the same group, respecting a physical distance of at least one meter between the beds.
Cleaning and disinfection of premises and equipment is an essential component in the fight against the spread of the virus. With the support of the local authority, it is up to each school and establishment to organize it according to the principles developed below.
Floor and large surfaces (tables, desks) are cleaned at least once a day.
Disinfectant cleaning of the surfaces most frequently touched by students and staff in rooms, workshops and other common areas (such as door handles) is carried out as follows:
Daily disinfection of shared objects or compliance with 24-hour isolation before reuse (balls, toys, books, games, newspapers, reusable leaflets, pencils, etc.) is recommended.
School catering plays a fundamental role by having social and educational dimensions and by contributing to the success of pupils. Lunch in the canteen is the guarantee of a complete and balanced daily meal. It is therefore essential to keep it functioning as well as possible, if necessary with the use of temporary adaptations, while guaranteeing the safety of students and staff.
The time slots and the number of services are adapted so as to limit flows and occupancy density and to allow the limitation of mixing. As far as possible, the inputs and outputs are separated. The seats are arranged so as to avoid being face to face or even side by side (for example staggered) when this is physically possible.
From level 3, when the spread of time slots or the organization of several services do not allow to respect the rules of distance and the limitation of mixing between groups of students (or the prohibition of mixing in the first degree ), other spaces than the premises usually dedicated to catering (party rooms, gymnasiums, etc.) can be used. As a last resort, take-out meals may be offered (if possible by alternating cold meals, take-out meals, and hot meals in the canteen for the students, rotating every other day).
With the support of academic services and the local community, each school or establishment draws up a detailed communication plan to inform and involve students, their parents and staff members in limiting the spread of the virus.
Management staff, school directors, teachers and all other staff are trained in barrier gestures, physical distancing rules and wearing a mask for themselves and for the students for whom they are responsible. appropriate. This training must be adapted to the age of the students supported. National education doctors and nurses support these training actions.
Students benefit from practical information on physical distancing, barrier gestures including hand hygiene, wearing a mask, as well as an explanation of updating the various measures. This is adapted to the age of the students. Particular attention must be paid to pupils with disabilities to enable them, depending on their age, to carry out barrier and distance gestures through pedagogy, supports or, where appropriate, appropriate support.
Special attention is paid to hygiene and health education in the course.
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