Today, November 30th, is Andres Bonifacio’s birthday, a national holiday. Another national holiday is December 30th – Rizal Day. This date is not Jose Rizal’s birthday, but the date of his execution by the Spanish colonial authorities. Bonifacio’s death also took place by execution on May 10, 1897, but not by a foreign power. The Katipunan Supremo and his brother were executed for “treason” by other Filipino revolutionaries at the height of the Philippine Revolution of 1896. The soldiers who executed the Bonifacio brothers belonged to the Magdalo wing of the Katipunan, who were loyal to Emilio Aguinaldo. Katipunan was the secret society founded by Andres Bonifacio.

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Most, if not all, of the history lessons in the classroom on Filipino patriots fighting the colonial powers are about their heroic qualities, their virtues. Some students would find history to be a boring subject because there is nothing new about it – the teachers let them know, among other things, the dates of birth and death of the heroes, the books the heroes read, the heroes ‘novels, the heroes’ stays in other countries Memorize. The Filipino vs. Filipino narrative in the Filipino Revolution cannot be read in textbooks, but rather in history books written by historians or writers who dug deep into the past. National artist Nick Joaquin has dug his way into the past, including the hero story. Defects. Joaquin wrote a book called Question of Heroes that examines the humanity and flaws of Filipino heroes. One of the essays in the book is entitled “Why Fell the Supremo?” It tells the events that led to Bonifacio’s downfall and the hero’s mistakes. He wrote that Bonifacio went to Cavite in December 1896 after the Battle of San Juan. The Manila Katipuneros, led by Bonifacio, had not achieved a breakthrough in the battle. The Revolution in Cavite, wrote Joaquin, had “a baptism of triumph” as Aguinaldo and the rest of the Cavite Katipuneros were able to conquer three cities in the southern province of Luzon from Spanish troops. Bonifacio traveled to Cavite to “supposedly mediate between the Magdiwang and Magdalo factions,” but he was only invited by the Magdiwang, led by a relative of Bonifacio’s wife. The Supremo allegedly arrived “like a king” in the province. “In Cavite (Bonifacio) could have achieved what he had not succeeded in San Juan: lead the revolution to Manila. But to lead the Caviteños he had to ignite them with an enthusiasm greater than their local pride, and symbolize that greater spirit itself, rising above both the Magdiwang and the Magdalo. Instead, he became as petty factional as they are, “wrote Joaquin. Talking about the mistakes of the Filipino heroes is not a mockery. Talking about their mistakes makes them human and thus makes them relatable. A look at the weaknesses of the heroes could be one Signposts for Filipino Citizens and Current and Future leaders His glass and betrayal can happen in a flash.

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