Arrived by arms, Idriss Deby perished by arms. Rebels killed the ex-rebel. It was said that the President Marshal, who had resisted three attempts to knock him down, would not die in his bed. But did he want to? Thus continues the troubled history of Chad, under the eye of the French guardian power which yesterday lost a precious ally in Africa.

Since its intervention in the Sahel in 2013, France has relied on the Chadian ally. The history goes back to the times of the colonies. It is in Fort-Lamy, today Nâ ???? Djamena, that De Gaulle, general rebel, had found support against Vichy in the person of the governor of ?? Guyanese origin Felix Eboué, the first dignitary of the Empire to join Free France. Become independent in 1960, the territory of the former French Equatorial Africa has known many vicissitudes without ceasing to be a pivot of the French presence at the heart. heart of the continent.

And Deby in turn benefited from the support of France for his race for power in the pure tradition of desert warriors. This does not mean that he conceded much to the democratic spirit apart from a multiparty system whose facade fools no one. Nor his opponents, muzzled or forced into exile to prepare for the next rebellion. Neither France, which has closed its eyes to an authoritarianism certainly condemnable but less bloody than that of Hissène Habrà ©, first head of state sentenced to life imprisonment by an African court.

AT?? Head of the Sahel’s most effective army, Deby was the irreplaceable ally against armed Islamists. It is moreover by going to personally defend Boko Haram in Nigeria that he had drawn the legitimacy to arrogate to himself the insignia of “” marshal of Chad ”. The country may well be one of the poorest in the world, its gallant president managed to escape the condition of “bankrupt state” and make himself indispensable.

Deby had just been re-elected. Yet he had anticipated his death. Would we see, without this, the emergence so quickly of a “Transitional Council” led by his son Mahamat? The young four-star general, head of the regime’s praetorian guard, dreams of succeeding his father. In a region where nepotism is doing well, the hypothesis holds. Provided that the war of the sands, still in progress, turns in favor of the Deby clan. In the opposite case, France will have, like last year in Mali after the military coup, to put the alliance with Chad back on the job. to guarantee its sacrosanct “stability”. But in both cases, it will finally be necessary to listen to the Chadian civil society.