All Saints’ Day in our calendar is November 1st. On this day, we celebrate all the Saints. It is a Catholic holiday, the Catholic Church honors all saints.

As the Catholic Church of France explains, the saints are “women and men who have been living and luminous witnesses of Christ”. “The saints have become guides for other Christians,” explains the Church. “If a certain number of them have been officially recognized, at the end of a procedure known as ‘canonization’, and are given to us as models, the Church is well aware that many others have also lived in the Church. fidelity to the Gospel and to the service of all. This is why, on this day of All Saints, Christians celebrate all saints, known or unknown ”details the Church.

The origin of All Saints’ Day dates back to the 4th century. The feast then celebrated all the martyrs. It was celebrated on the Sunday following Pentecost. All Saints’ Day then changed date. In 610, Pope Boniface IV decided that it would take place every May 13. A new change occurred in 835. Pope Gregory IV chooses the date of November 1st.

No. The feast of the dead takes place on November 2, although it is customary to go to the graves the day before, since it is a public holiday, making it easier for the active people to travel. On this day, the Church prays for her dead in the hope of eternal life. During Masses, this Gospel of Saint John is read.

All that the Father gives me will come to me; and whoever comes to me, I’m not going to throw him out. For I did not come down from heaven to do my will, but to do the will of him who sent me. Now, the will of the Father who sent me is that I not lose any of those he has given me, but that I raise them all up at the last day. For my Father’s will is that everyone who sees the Son and believes in him should obtain eternal life; and I will raise them up at the last day.

Halloween is celebrated on October 31st. It is a celebration of Celtic origin. Etymologically, “Halloween” comes from the English expression “All Hallows Eve”, which means “the eve of All Saints”. On October 31, we celebrate the deity Samain (god of death), which allowed to communicate with the spirit deaths. On that day the doors between the world of the living and that of the dead opened: according to legend, that night the ghosts of the dead visited the living. To appease the spirits, the villagers placed offerings in front of their doors. Today, it’s the children who knock on yours to claim some candy, or else you will be cast a spell!

The Halloween party is kept in the Irish calendar after the Christianization of the country, it becomes an element of folklore, carnival. It then established itself in the United States with Irish emigrants at the end of the 19th century. Then Halloween becomes a commercial celebration almost everywhere in the world, as in France, even if the weight of Halloween has been less present in recent years.

In Greek, chrysanthemum means “flower of gold”. In the language of flowers, the yellow chrysanthemum symbolizes absolute love. The flower has become the flower of All Saints’ Day for several reasons.

The chrysanthemum was introduced in France in the 16th century. In 1789, the Marseille navigator Pierre Blancard found descriptions of the flower in Holland, where it was imported from China in the 17th century.

From the middle of the 19th century, the chrysanthemums which bloomed in autumn replaced the candles on the graves of the deceased. The flower was brought to light by Clémenceau in 1918. On the first anniversary of this armistice, on November 11, 1919, he would have called on the French to flower the graves of fallen soldiers. The flower is resistant to moderate frost, today it comes in all shades, yellow or purple, white or brown.

In other countries, the flower is not associated with death. In Australia, it is even offered for Mother’s Day. In Japan, it is the flower of the country, after the cherry trees. The coat of arms of the imperial family represents a chrysanthemum with 16 double petals. The chrysanthemum, as a symbol of Japan, can be seen on passports, on coins, and even at the entrance of Japanese diplomatic establishments abroad.

A word of advice, in the cemetery to maintain your chrysanthemum, be careful not to wet the foliage when watering and remove the faded flowers as you go. A chrysanthemum can grow up to a meter in height.

A growing number of French people choose to be cremated. In 2018, 38% of French people had made this choice according to the general funeral directors of France. Cremation, sometimes called cremation, consists of cremating the body of the deceased in a crematorium. The ashes are then collected in an urn chosen by the family and relatives. Before cremation, the deceased is placed in a coffin as required by law. In Japan, 99% of the dead are cremated.

Related title :
Why November 1st is a holiday in France?
Toussaint: chrysanthemums, history, cremation … 5 things you probably didn’t know about this feast
Toussaint c& # 39; is above all the feast of All Saints and the Dead
All Saints’ Day and the relationship to death in our societies

Ref: https://france3-regions.francetvinfo.fr