(CNN) – A group of lawyers want oil companies banned from advertising on television and social media unless they include “tobacco-style health warnings” about the dangers fossil fuels pose to the future of the world Representing planets.

In a new study released Monday, nonprofit environmental lawyer ClientEarth accused some of the world’s largest oil companies of misrepresenting the role of their companies in the climate crisis and the speed at which they are moving to clean energy sources, “The companies most responsible for catastrophic warming are spending millions on advertising campaigns to find out how their business plans are aligned with sustainability,” said Johnny White, attorney for ClientEarth. in a statement.

“Greenwashing is an issue as it informs the public about the real environmental costs of Persistence of fossil fuels can mislead and skew wider public conversations about the climate emergency that hamper efforts to mitigate climate change, “he added.

ExxonMobil, Chevron, Shell, Saudi Aramco, Total and Norwegian state oil company Equinor are among them the largest oil companies for which ClientEarth has compiled dossiers that compare their climate commitments with their business practices. It said it was considering options for legal action against these companies.

ClientEarth hired investigative media firm DeSmog to research advertisements for large oil companies. The information provided in advertisements was then compared with information published in annual reports, approval applications and on company websites.

The non-profit association claims that companies make claims to “sustainability” and at the same time are far more into the exploration of fossil fuels than in Investing in Clean Energy Investing.

Companies claim to be tackling the climate crisis while in some cases increasing fossil fuel production or planning to rely on widespread use of carbon capture and “offsetting” rather than emissions in absolute terms Reduce numbers, ClientEarth added.

Chevron, Shell and Equinor told CNN Business that their emissions reduction targets are in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement.

Saudi Aramco said it has taken steps to reduce its carbon intensity Oil exploration and extraction activity and it is investing in solutions with lower carbon content. “The technologies required to meet carbon emissions targets have yet to reach the maturity level necessary to meet global energy needs in an economically sustainable manner,” he added.

In 2019, ClientEarth submitted im United Kingdom filed a complaint against BP based on the OECD Guidelines on Fair Advertising Practices for Multinational Enterprises. BP later ran an advertising campaign called “Possibilities Everywhere” and diverted the funds to support the net-zero ambitions. In 2020 the company promised to end “corporate reputation advertising”.

Advertising for fossil fuels should be regulated along the lines of tobacco, with “health warnings” about the dangers of climate change, fossil fuels as the main contributor to global warming ClientEarth said. Companies should also be clear about how much they are spending on fossil fuels compared to low carbon companies and should be banned from directly promoting fossil fuels, he added .

Tobacco advertising has been increasingly restricted since the 1970s, and some countries have banned it entirely. Warnings about the health risks associated with smoking, particularly lung cancer, have been mandatory on cigarette packs in most countries for several decades. Unbranded packaging has also been introduced in some countries, a move that Big Tobacco fiercely resisted.

The Paris Agreement aims to limit the global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To achieve this, fossil fuel production must be reduced by around 6% each year. However, current forecasts show an annual increase of 2% according to the output gap report.

The International Energy Agency said in a report last year that today’s power plants, industrial plants, buildings and vehicles depend on the burning of fossil fuels, which cause a rise in temperature of According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, global warming will exceed 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2030 without a sharp drop in greenhouse gas emissions, resulting in an “irreversible loss” of the most fragile ecosystems and persistent climate crises for the world’s most vulnerable people.

This story was first published on CNN.com.

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