This Wednesday, May 5, we celebrate Napoleon 1st, who died on May 5, 1821 in Saint Helena. A shadow on the board, no doubt two.

First there is Marengo, Napoleon’s horse, whose skeleton artist Pascal Convert placed above the Emperor’s tomb at Les Invalides. This is not the original, exhibited at the National Army Museum, in London (United Kingdom) but a reproduction in three dimensions. There is controversy, notes ConnaissancedesArts. And even a petition against the work, signed this Wednesday, early, by 968 people (that’s not much). Pascal Convert explains his approach in a Memento Marengo.

“It was by observing these works that I realized the importance of the cavalry during the Napoleonic battles. The French cavalry consisting of 2,500 to 3,000 cavalry in Marengo increased more than tenfold to reach 30,000 cavalry in the Battle of Borodino. They were around 23,000 in Waterloo. Victor Hugo describes in Les Misérables this interweaving of “riders and horses [which roll] pell-mell crushing each other, making only flesh in this abyss”. Horses and riders suffer and die together. “

How will the ceremony go? RadioFrance gives the program … Emmenauel Macron at 4 p.m. at the Institut de France, speech at 5 p.m. Then, at 6 p.m., in the presence of Jean-Christophe Napoléon Bonaparte, 34, official descendant of the Emperor, the President of the Republic will lay a wreath at the foot of the tomb, before a mass in the church of Invalides.

“He did not bring happiness to France. But, in the absence of happiness, he reached the heights of greatness and filled France with it, to the point that since then, our people have never resigned themselves to mediocrity and have always responded to the call of honor. . “

The reign of Emperor Napoleon I was marked by a review of the achievements of the Revolution. It has not been forgotten in the Antilles-Guyana. Particularly in Martinique where the Empress Joséphine de Beauharnais is from a Békée family. He is accused of having obtained from Bonaparte the reestablishment of slavery by the law of May 20, 1802 (it is more complicated but well explained on Wikipedia). In fact, Martinique had been under British control since 1794 and slavery persisted there. The statue of Joséphine, inaugurated in the Parc de la Savane, in the center of Fort-de-France in 1859, was moved by the mayor, Aimé Césaire, in the 70s, beheaded in 1990 and put down in 2020, this as the HuffingtonPost points out. On the atmosphere of the time, we will read the National Museums site.

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